Life on Galapagos: The Invertebrates

Life on Galapagos: The Invertebrates

 

The unique flora and fauna of the Galapagos Archipelago attract nature lovers from all over the world to explore the region. The best way to do it is on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, which affords participants the opportunity to experience the astounding diversity of the island’s habitats and encounter a wide range of animals.
The mammals, reptiles, birds and marine animals of the archipelago are fairly well known by visitors, and many of the high-profile species can be seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise. Surprisingly, though, the largest group of organisms is often overlooked.

 

The Invertebrates

Invertebrates have no backbone and are officially classified as animals that “neither possess nor develop a vertebral column”. They include insects, spiders, snails, worms, centipedes and many others. Like all the wildlife, this group had to arrive at the islands either on the ocean currents, with birds, or attached to vegetation or driftwood washed up on the shoreline.

The terrestrial invertebrates exist in every habitat and account for around 51% of the archipelago’s total biodiversity. While they may be small in size, they are absolutely crucial to the delicate balance of the ecosystem. Not only do they act as pollinators, they contribute to the formation of soils by recycling organic matter, and they also feature as an important link in the food chain as part of the diet for birds and small mammals.

The marine invertebrates include the molluscs, sponges, annelids (segmented marine worms), cnidarians (including corals), echinoderms (sea cucumbers and urchins) and many others.

Unique and Imbalanced

While many are still identical to their ancestors on the South American mainland, due to the remoteness of the region and the diversity of habitat just as many have adapted in order to survive. It’s estimated that around 52% of them are endemic. This means that some groups are represented in greater proportion than others, so they are considered to be “imbalanced”.

It is not known exactly how many invertebrate species are found throughout the archipelago, although in 2001 the number was estimated to be well over 2,000 (just for terrestrial ones), with the insects the most diverse and numerous. Some of the insects that may be seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise include butterflies, dragonflies, moths, wasps, grasshoppers, spiders and flies.

Giant Snails and Colourful Crabs

The giant land snails are a distinctive group comprising around 60 species. They are similar to Darwin’s Finches in that they appear to have made specific adaptations to survive in particular habitats.

While most invertebrates don’t enjoy the glamorous status of some of the mammals and reptiles seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, one certainly attracts attention. The delightfully skittish Sally Lightfoot Crab can be seen scurrying between rocks on the shoreline, and its vibrant red and blue shell makes it a favourite with nature lovers.

While at first glance this group may not be as impressive as the Giant Tortoise or have the character of the quirky Blue-footed Booby, they are no less interesting and just as important to maintaining the status quo of archipelago’s ecosystem.

Printing art and photos to Gallery canvas prints for wall decoration

Printing art and photos to Gallery canvas prints for wall decoration Photos are such a great way to capture the most important and most precious memories in our lives. Not only that but the can be used in business. They can be used to in an artist way and many other mediums. Printing your photos to glossy paper or to canvas is such a lovely way to bring life to any home or office space. It can make your walls and any room feel a lot more appreciated and loved. If you’re looking for a way to add depth and character to a room the canvas printing is the way forward for you.
The beauty of printing your photos to canvas and then have those photos wrapped around a gallery frame is 3 dimensional. It gives the feel that you are there inside that picture and can give the warmth you would expect when you see a personalised memory hung on the wall. It’s a great feeling to see your family and friends on your wall space. It’s also a very modern and trendy way to showcase your photos to.

 

Printing art and photos to Gallery canvas prints for wall decoration
There is plenty of different looks you can choose form when decorating a room. One of the in looks right now is the Minimalistic look which basically mean little is more. The beauty about canvas printing for decorating purpose is that you can have a simple design printed to the canvas which complements the furniture in that room. You could simply go for a black and white look for example and then have a black and white Banksy canvas art print hung in the room. This would not only fit with the colours you have chosen for that room but it will also add then send of art and style to that room also. Which makes it unique

Reclaimed wood is also becoming such a hot topic in the interior world. If you looking for a rustic yet contemporary look then choosing wood furniture that compliments the colours in the room can go a very long way. You could then choose to either print some wildlife photos onto canvas to let the room stay in touch with nature, or you could simply print some personalised pictures of your family and children having a great time. As genuine smiles are definitely as away to bring life to any room. If you do like the outdoors and you love your wildlife and you want to print landscapes on canvas prints for your walls then bringing in plant life and plant pots into a room can also be a great way to compliment your pictures. It’s also a great idea if you are a photographer and you want to display your detailed photos. You could have your picture printed to artist canvas and then use different gardening ideas in terms of plants to bring your photos to reality.

If you wanted to add a personal touch to a room that has ultimate uniqueness then you could get your kids to paint or draw pictures of their favourite characters and then you could have those printed into canvas prints. Not only will it be so cool to see your kid’s artwork on the wall but they will love seeing in on the walls to. You could also decorate the kid’s bedroom with their favourite cartoon characters to. It doesn’t have to be picture they drew; you could just get some pictures of Mickey Mouse or whatever they really like. That way they will enjoy being in there bedroom more.

Just remember that when decorating a room, it’s cool to be able to decorate the room in a modern and trendy kind of way but you also need to remember to add your own personality as at the end of the day it’s you that will be seeing the room more than anyone sees and its you that needs to be happy with your selections and colours schemes and imagery. Just have lots of fun and the results will fall into place.

Printing art and photos to Gallery canvas prints for wall decoration

Care Quality Commission Watchdog Looks Into Sexualit

Care Quality Commission Watchdog Looks Into Sexualit

In care homes, sexuality and relationships are now something that the Care Quality Commission watchdog is taking into account. This is a radical change from previous years and while many people are pleased, others find it a difficult change.
In a 2010 study done by the prestigious Royal College of Nursing, the founder of elderly residents. Most care facilities do not mention these subjects to any interactions.

In fact, most nursing care home facilities do not provide double beds for patients, in case of an intimate encounter. This is after a study by the University of Manchester found 54% of men and 31% of women over the age of 70 were still sexually active. Care Quality Commission Watchdog Looks Into Sexualit

The CQC notes that a lot of care homes as mentally and often physically incapable of self-care and therefore unlikely to engage in relationships. However, data from the Royal College of Nursing’s “Persistent Challenges to Providing Quality Care” report shows that most respondents were in a registered nursing home for, simply, old age. The second highest registration was dementia.

The health watchdog is starting to pay more attention after a series of unfortunate instances of mistreatment to residents came to light when relatives placed hidden cameras in the resident’s room to make sure they are getting quality care.

Unfortunately, the Care Quality Commission has been having trouble checking the levels of the phone. of care face to face.

This means that even though the sexuality and relationships are in the Quality Care Commission watchdog is watching, they might not be watching enough. This is also why the CQC has released information on how to covertly film the goings on at the facility. The hope is that with this information out there, care homes will step up their game and work on delivering quality care.

In their annual quality report for 2014, the CQC is notorious for the fact that disability, age, sexuality, and relationships.

The CQC released five objectives in regards to the equality of care in homes for the elderly. Care Quality Commission Watchdog Looks Into Sexualit

Objective one is to get rid of the unconscious bias that often pervades the ideas of staff, hopefully by 2016. Objective two is to implement racial equality as per the NHS Workforce Race Equality Standard. Objective three is to work on their regulatory ability as it pertains to care for the mentally ill’s quality and security. The fourth objective is to help inspectors make judgments on the quality of care home bath for all LGB residents with regards to those bounds of sexuality. Lastly, objective five involves making sure all staff or recruits are not discriminated against race, religion, sexuality, gender, gender reassignment, age, or disability. Care Quality Commission Watchdog Looks Into Sexualit

Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds

Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds

Getting praise in bed is something everyone loves, and presenting a healthy male organ can be proud to increase the chance of hearing the praise of a sleeping companion. Accepting flattering praise is a good reinforcement to practice proper organ grooming, but what are some of the specific things a man wants to tell? Ladies, note the following. Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds
Praise for performance.

This one’s for sure. Everyone likes to be told that his sensual looks are amazing. Even men with high self-esteem want to know that their skills are appreciated. There are many ways a woman can express her admiration. Of course simple “That’s amazing!” goes a long way, but there’s another route: “I’m going to have tingling for weeks,” “Wow, where in God’s name did you learn it?” and “You have spoiled me for all the other guys” is a definite winner. So give the guy a new nickname, like Conan or Maximus. Think of all this a little over? When caressing male sensual ego, there is no such thing as too far or too much. Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds

Talk about size.

This is also given. No matter how low a man is, he wants to be told that his members are worthy players in the game of sensual activity. Sometimes this may slightly imply the truth: “Once inside me, it feels very big,” for example. Like performance, it is practically impossible to overly compliment the size of a male organ. So have a field day with it!

Do not ignore the appearance of maturity.

Size is not everything, of course. A man likes to be told that what is between his legs is as handsome as the others. When dealing with a healthy male organ, this is easy to do. Among the things that male members can praise are the following:

– Form. Whether it is straight as an arrow or has a clear bend, a woman points to the point exactly how the member’s shape fit with her and how the shape is sculpted primarily to give her pleasure.

– Leather. When soft, members often have wrinkled skin, but when tumescent it becomes tight and tight. Let the guy know how smooth and supple the skin feels. Pay particular attention to properly moisturized skin; A man wants points to keep skin dry and flaky. Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds

– Color. A nice tone, even skin worth noting. Although it is natural that there is a variation of color from one part of the member to another, people like to avoid spots or red rashes that can ruin the appearance. Give claps to the back for success in this area.

– The aroma. Or the shortcomings, actually. A bit of a bad taste can be exciting, but too many men feel themselves cursed with maturity that emits an unpleasant smell.

People who work hard to maintain a healthy male organ tend to get more praise for their maturity appearance. If a male organ is lacking in this area, her partner may suggest that she make a superior male organ health creme (the health professional recommends Man1 Man Oil) as part of her daily routine. When the crème comes with vitamin A, the man takes steps to remove unwanted odors. Vitamin A has anti-bacterial properties that attack the root of aromatic problems. Creme with powerful antioxidants such as alpha lipoic acid is also important to ensure skin health maturity, as this aggravates the aging of male organ cells early. And if L-arginine is one of the herbs in the creme, so it’s better; This material helps the male member cell oxygenation and helps to avoid the presence of broken capillaries. The right creme will enhance a man’s pride and make his maturity a better gift to his partner. Healthy Men Organ Pride – Praise Guys Want to Listen in Beds

Reasons to Visit Transylvania in Motorcycles

Reasons to Visit Transylvania in Motorcycles

Transylvania is really an area located in the central part of Romania, Eastern Europe. This is the land through the forest (from latin trans = crossing; silva = forest). The name itself implies that the land is immensely engrossed in beautiful valleys, hill-tops, forests and mountains – some of which use their riders and motorcycles for three rows that appreciate it all with stunning views.
All this sounds good, however, nothing is more exciting than the way to get there: Reasons to Visit Transylvania in Motorcycles

Transfagarasan Street

Connecting Muntenia (southern Romania) to Transylvania, crossing Mount Fagaras, the Transfagarasan Road journey brings motorcyclists as much as 2,042 m in altitude on perfect tarmac ribbon, built similar to a race track, a Mecca for motorcycles. Today’s rider It has been built throughout the communist regime (1970-1974) under dictator Nicolae Ceausescu to lighten the access of troops. Due to the height of open roads only 3-4 months / year, generally from 15 June to 31 October, is highly dependent around Climate conditions. In the summer the streets are usually crowded, using peaks on weekends.

The riders must begin their journey from south to north (from Curtea de Arges to Cartisoara), by doing this, the scenery of the entire path ahead will be thrilling. Also they need to start riding each morning (around 08:00). By doing this they will lose the crowds and then really get a unique street feel with bends to last a lifetime. Caution also needs to be forwarded to the gas tank because there is no gas tank about this road, the rider must charge before starting the journey.

2. Transalpina Highway – referred to as Kings Road, connecting the city of Sugag in Transylvania with Novaci, crossing the Parang Mountains inside the central Carpathians. Using the highest peak at 2145m at Urdele Pass, the road takes the rider toward the clouds on the way to keep in mind. Pine forests, traditional sheepfolds where readers are offered standard “balmos” (food cooked from sheep grazing), beautiful scenery and lots of curves and hairpins. Just like Transfagarasan Road, it is better to ride on Sunday or every morning to conquer the traffic. Caution also needs to be forwarded to the gas tank because there is no service station about this road, the rider must charge before starting the journey.

3. Transbucegi Road – Romania’s third highest mountain road, Transbucegi is really a narrow asphalt road that leads to the Bucegi Plateau in the Bucegi Mountains. From the plateau you walk towards the Sphinx and Babele (the famous rock formations of the wind) can be explored. The roads to the Sphinx can take up to 45 minutes. It is necessary for your rider to keep in mind that they have to walk back to the motorbike as well which will enhance the leisurely ride in nature even more time.

Recommendations: Motorists think about the scenery that can only be reached with a little walking is encouraged to carry comfortable walking shoes and also to leave motorcycle shoes that are locked around the motorcycle. Also water along with chocolate bars for energy is recommended.

4. Sunset Mountains in the Western Carpathians gives you great rides, one of them – Transursoaia Road. From DN 1 in the town of Huedin the same snake as the Black Hills along the Belis Dam and Belisului Valley to the village of Horea. 80 km of bitumen on a narrow mountain road offering some great ride, stunning scenery and traditional stops on the highway, carved in wood from the locals.

Short distortion: in the Rachitele – the Vail area of ​​the Bride Waterfall, a waterfall 30m attracts visitors from around the world.

From May to October, based on the weather. Caution is needed because there is a narrow part of the area. It is recommended to ride all day because the mountain will reward the rider with spectacular scenery.

5. History of the Rich

Transylvania has everything from a large winding road to a medieval church and a fortified medieval fortress. Historians should not miss Cluj Napoca – home of the Saint Michael Cathedral, European Youth Capital by 2015, the fortress of Sighisoara Medieval – the birthday host of “Vlad The Impaller” (also called Dracula), the medieval town of Brasov for your Black home. The church, the medieval town of Sibiu – the former European cultural capital in 2007, is in the off-road spot of Redbul Romaniacs, Reasons to Visit Transylvania in Motorcycles

The Military Might of Burgundy: Château de Bazoches

The Military Might of Burgundy: Château de Bazoches

One of the best but frequently overlooked ways to see Europe’s sights is by water. There’s nothing like cruising in a hotel barge and immersing yourself in the local scenery and culture, especially when there’s so much to see all around you. Join us aboard L’Art de Vivre on a journey through Burgundy, and soak up some of the finest attractions that France has to offer.
For lovers of France and military history alike, L’Art de Vivre will take you exactly where you’d like to go. The Château de Bazoches is a treasure trove of historical interest, military prowess and elegant architecture.

 

Back in Time

Dating back to the twelfth century, the grand château was originally built on a Roman site, overlooking the Morvan landscape. The estate itself originates from the fashionable antiquity of the seventeenth century, as evidenced by its magnificent architecture. Walking through its halls, you can easily imagine the courtiers of King Louis XIV strolling past you.

A True Genius

The most famous owner of the château is Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, widely renowned for his military genius. He purchased the estate following his enormous success in the siege of Maastricht, for which Louis XIV rewarded him with a large sum of money. His home became the headquarters for his strategic and fortification designs, which were widely respected and used by many French cities for over a century.

Ahead of his time, Vauban understood modern advances in technology and weaponry, making him a master of military planning. He would use intricate miniature ravelins, bastions and moats to further his ideas, and became a pioneer of the bayonet rifle, the iron-barrelled cannon and the mortar. His prowess in military engineering and strategy was unparalleled, so it’s no surprise that over 300 cities in France feature his designs, including Lille, Dunkirk and Bayonne.

Luxury Libraries

Château de Bazoches is also home to an extensive library, which contains over 5,000 books and is a must-see for literature enthusiasts. Vauban himself had a passion for literature, and penned his famous Royal Tithe during his time there. Unfortunately, his written criticism of the upper classes and the inequalities of the taxation system cost him his royal favour, causing him to fall from grace for the rest of his life.

Further Information

If the rich and varied history of this grand Burgundian house sounds too good to be true, what are you waiting for? European Waterways will take you on a luxury hotel barge cruise and ensure that you take in all of France’s best sights. For more information, don’t hesitate to explore our website or get in touch with our friendly team of experts.

Paul Newman is the Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, the UK’s most respected provider of all-inclusive, luxury hotel barge holidays in France. Part of a team of experienced barging aficionados, Paul is first in line to endorse the perks of a slow-paced barge cruise to anyone looking for a unique holiday experience.

18 Miraculous Confirmation – Be More Attractive and More Sexual

18 Miraculous Confirmation – Be More Attractive and More Sexual

Perhaps you once had the power of affirmation.

Tell yourself a thousand times you can not do something, and you are closer to failure. Tell yourself repeatedly you can do something, and you are more likely to succeed.

18 Miraculous Confirmation – Be More Attractive and More Sexual

Taken extreme, some people can you can realize whatever you want with positive thinking.

Although we want it to be true, we have different views on this subject.

Through empirical research over the years, our findings, consequently, are your many experiences with personal time, which is a reflection of your destiny (the same as destiny).

The fate fabric consists of both “good” and “bad” things.

That means you can only manifest something if it is part of the way you are headed.

Sometimes your personal time is conducive to looking great and feeling sexy, and the situation in your life will return to that. Sometimes tasty otherwise.

Surely, you’ve experienced feelings like your personal magnetism is out of the chart, like you can not lose. However, next time you feel you are invisible, or you are embarrassed to wonder if your experiments were filmed with a hidden camera and the joke is on you.

But we also find everyone has a free will to take care of themselves and their situations.

You can not change your destiny, but what you think and you can shape your experience around predestined experiences. Lemonade made from living lemons can be very.

You have a free will to worry and consider negative thinking, or you can take control of your life and do what you can to fix it and stop worrying about what you can not change.

One thing that makes life easier is to look and feel the best. How you fall in others is very important, but in our society, how you look is also important. Appearing for a first date or job interview that looks sloppy, tense and lacking in self-confidence and it can destroy your chances. Let yourself go in a relationship and your partner may lose interest.

Is there anything wrong with the desire to improve your appearance and become more sexy? Not according to us, unless you have sex.

Here are 18 miraculous affirmations to help you improve your looks and become sexier. Repeat them often enough and your mind will accept it as fact and role.

The subconscious mind is very interesting and very powerful. Can not distinguish between reality and imagination. It will trust you as you continue to survive, “I’m very sexy,” and words fit your words. You may not be named People’s Magazine’s “Sexiest Man (or Woman) Alive,” but of course you can be a little lusty in sex appeals.

Note: Affirm or subliminal is effective you use “I” or “You”. However, sometimes “I” is more effective for people who do not like to follow directions, and sometimes “you” is better for people who do not trust affirmations. With repeated use, you can overcome obstacles either.

1) Life gets better for me every day.

2) I find more fun and joy in life.

3) I feel relaxed and happy and it shows.

4) I deserve good health.

5) I love and respect my body.

6) My mind and body are calm and relaxed.

7) My body is strong, beautiful, and efficient.

8) I am balanced and centered.

9) I am confident and confident.

10) I consume what is appropriate for my body and avoid those that do not.

11) I have self-discipline to often exercise.

12) I do what I have to do to see and feel the best.

13) I am obliged to see and feel the best every day.

14) I accept it’s okay to look sexy.

15) I deserve to be beautiful.

16) I look younger and healthier every day.

17) I found a new way to look and feel healthier and sexier.

18) I radiate sex appeal and belief.

Now that you understand your thoughts affect you, you can use these affirmations to help improve your appearance and become more sexy.

18 Miraculous Confirmation – Be More Attractive and More Sexual

The Goa Villa Helps You Find the Next Perfect Holiday Rental

The Goa Villa Helps You Find the Next Perfect Holiday Rental

The Goa Villa is a website that allows you to search for villas around the Goa area, in which you can have the best vacation in your lifetime.
Goa is a one of the most famous state in India. Even if you never studied the Indian geography, you probably have heard about Goa, due to its night life and electronic music center. Goa has been a Portuguese territory for more than 200 years, and if you ever visit or read about this state, you will learn that Goa people are quite proud of this heritage. Almost everything in Goa has been influenced by the Portuguese culture, such as cuisine, architecture, dancing or fashion, also, let’s not forget about the beautiful beaches and river cruises that attract thousands of tourists each month. If you ever wanted to visit India, Goa is the perfect place. But if you decide to visit it, you will have a few options regarding you’re the place to stay. You can choose a hotel or villa. You probably have stayed in a hotel and you are familiar with the experience of staying in one. Although for a day or two, hotels are the perfect choice, if you want to spend your time in relaxation together with your loved ones, a villa is a more suitable place.

 

The Goa Villa is a website that allows you to find Goa Villas for rent. If you rent a villa, you will have a home in your vacation, fitted with many bedrooms and bathrooms that can be the quarters of your family. Furthermore, you will have your own kitchen, therefore, you can go to the local market, buy the fruits and vegetables that are specific for the region, and prepare the meal the way you want. If you do not like cooking, you will be glad to know that some villas for renting include a chef that will prepare whatever you want. Another great advantage of renting a villa, is that you will have you own pool. In a hotel, you will have to share the swimming pool with all the guests, while if you rent a villa, the pool will be used only by the people living for that period.

If you want to find the perfect villa for your vacation, just go to The Goa Villa or call one of the representatives.

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

Austin and surrounding areas, it’s almost winter. We know it may not feel like it, but its around the corner, we promise. The oncoming winter means preparing your home and yourself for the change in temperature. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) unit inside your space should be at the forefront of your preparation. And during the colder months, maintenance and consistent checks of your unit’s furnace is essential. The furnace of any HVAC unit provides warm air flowing, keeping us nice and toasty while indoors. Heating repair and maintenance is very important. Keeping your furnace happy and efficient, ensures your own happiness and efficiency during the colder months ahead. Here are a few tips from us at Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating:
1. Change those dirty filters once a month. Clogged filters can restrict air flow, both warm and cold – thus damaging your unit and reducing efficiency.
2. Set your thermostat. It may sound foolish, but you’d be surprised. Adjusting the settings of your thermostat could reduce your monthly bill and ensure a more efficient warmth.
3. Check your heating vents. Debris surrounding your heating vents obstructs the flow and circulation of warm air indoors. It also increases the risk of fire.
4. Inspect your burners. Ensure that your burners are clean and the surrounding is clear. A blockage of a burner can become quite dangerous, as it leads to an increase of carbon monoxide during start up.

 

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter
Your Answer for Heating Repair
Need more help with preparing your furnace for winter? Don’t hesitate to give us a call. When it comes to heating repair, Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating is here for you. As experts in the field of all things concerning heating and air conditioning, we’ve got you covered. For the past 11 years we have been providing Austin and surrounding areas with the best air conditioning and heating service. Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

It’s A Women’s World: The ‘Ladies’ Château’ of the Loire Valley

It’s A Women’s World: The ‘Ladies’ Château’ of the Loire Valley

A French barge cruise on one of European Waterways luxurious, fully-crewed barge hotels is an experience to remember. We firmly believe that there is no better way to explore the Continent than from the water.
The Nymphea hosts our French barge cruise in the Loire Valley, passing under the remarkable five-arch bridge of the Château de Chenonceau. Built in a pale grey stone, the bridge’s symmetrical curves are juxtaposed against the castle’s pointed turrets and enchant our guests time and time again

 

It’s not only architecture and engineering buffs who fall in love on the banks of the River Cher. The unique history of the Château – spanning from the early sixteenth century to the modern day – is well worth discovering.

Hidden Histories

Cruising beneath the repeated arches of the gallery aboard our French barge cruise, our guests often wonder who created them.

Today we are looking at some of the famous inhabitants of the ‘Ladies’ Château’ – the women who shaped both this beautiful building and France.

The Mistress: Diane de Poitiers

Intellectual, royal-favourite Diane de Poitiers lived in sixteenth-century France; no decorative wallflower, Diane was intelligent and politically savvy. She became so well-liked by King Henry II that she often wrote and signed official correspondence on his behalf using the portmanteau ‘HenriDiane’.

Diane was also the King’s mistress for over two decades – perhaps the most powerful woman in the country. As Henry’s mistress she was given the Château de Chenonceau. Diane not only lovingly developed the gardens, she commissioned the stunning arched bridge spanning the river – one of the most iconic architectural features of the Loire Valley.

The Wife: Catherine de’Medici

Catherine de’Medici was the wife of Henry II and, understandably, was jealous Diane’s influential position in Henry’s court. After Henry’s death Catherine forced Diane de Poitiers, the legal owner of the property, to leave and triumphantly took possession herself. Determined to make the Château her own, Catherine installed a grand gallery running across Diane’s bridge – the strong-willed widow had successfully displaced the trusted mistress.

Under Catherine’s management, the castle became the site for many extravagant parties and, rumour has it, the first ever firework display in France lit up the sky over one of her night time revels.

The Saloniste: Louise Dupin

During the French Enlightenment, eighteenth-century French women were at the centre of literary, artistic and cultural advancements. Louise Dupin, who lived in the Château de Chenonceau with her husband, formed a literary salon there which drew in leaders of the Enlightenment movement such as Voltaire, Condillac, Buffon and Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle.

An intelligent woman herself, Louise saved the building during the widespread destruction of property prompted by the Revolution. Louise pointed out that the arched bridge provided a rare crossing place on the river essential for the movement of people and trade. As a result of her quick thinking and bravery we can enjoy the splendour of the Château de Chenonceau in the twenty-first century.